|COUNTRY FACTS: SOMALIA|
|Location:||Click to enlarge|
Map of Somalia Horn of Africa in Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian ocean, east of Ethiopia.
|Coordinate:||10 00 N, 49 00 E|
|Independence:||1 July 1960 (from a merger of British Somaliland, which became independent from the UK on 26 June 1960, and Italian Somaliland, which became independent from the Italian-administered UN trusteeship on 1 July 1960, to form the Somali Republic)|
|President:||Adan Mohamed Nuur Madobe (Interim President from Dec. 2008)|
Nur Hassan Hussein (Prime Minister; 2007 Nov. to date)
Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed(Ex.President 2004 to 2008),
Ali Mohamed GEDI(Ex.Prime Minister 2004 to 2007).
|Type of Government:||No permanent national government|
|Total Area:||637 657sq.km.|
|Population:||8 863 338|
|People:||Somali85%, Bantu and other non-Somalis15% (including 3000 Arabs)|
|Languages:||Somali(Official), Arabic, Italian, French.|
|Literacy:||37.8%total, 49.7%male, 25.8%female (2001 est.)|
|Currency:||Somali shilling (SOS)|
|GDP(per capita):||$600 (2005 est.)|
|Arable Land:||1.64% (2005 est.)|
|Agriculture:||bananas, sorghum, corn, coconuts, rice, sugarcane, mangoes, sesame seeds, beans; cattle, sheep, goats; fish.|
|Natural resources:||uranium and largely unexploited reserves of iron ore, tin, gypsum, bauxite, copper, salt, natural gas, likely oil reserves.|
|Embassy in Japan:||
|International Phone Code:||+252|
ECONOMY: BUSINESS, TRADE AND INVESTMENT
- Bank Of Somaliland
Mogadishu, Baidoa, Beledweyne, Bardheere, Chisimayu, Hargeysa, Burao, Hobyo.
GOVERNMENT: ADMINISTRATIVE UNITS
18 regions (plural - NA, singular - gobolka); Awdal, Bakool, Banaadir, Bari, Bay, Galguduud, Gedo, Hiiraan, Jubbada Dhexe, Jubbada Hoose, Mudug, Nugaal, Sanaag, Shabeellaha Dhexe, Shabeellaha Hoose, Sool, Togdheer, Woqooyi Galbeed.